✎✎✎ Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis
Here are some tips. The Tower of Babel. Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis Briggs is practically made of sass. Similes Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis metaphor abound. Retrieved April 5, InVijay Chokalingam, the brother of Indian-American entertainer Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis Kaling benefits of sit-ups, told CNN that he had pretended to be black years before in order to take advantage of affirmative action Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis be admitted into medical school. Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis in Asia. Close cousin to the Spicy Latina.
The Woman In Black BY Susan Hill - Book Review
Georgia Byrd is shy and timid, and it's her petite white friend, Rochelle, that is constantly trying to push her out of her shell with antics like yelling her crush's name across the department store. Once Georgia's Character Development kicks in, though, this trope is in full swing. Domino had a whole crew of bank-robbing sassy Black women. The impound lot attendant in Dude, Where's My Car? As has Set It Off including Latifah again. This was played deadly straight with the health insurance lady in 's Crash played by Loretta Divine, another actress famous for this role. Granted, the way the racist policeman treated her, this wasn't "sassyness" so much as perfectly reasonable behavior.
However, even the most enlightened viewer couldn't help but wince at the name "Shaniqua Johnson". Wanda Sykes in any role she's ever played. She's a lot like this in real life as well. And Jungle Julia. The drama Fireproof has an entire posse of these characters working at the hospital. Of course, they spend an inordinate amount of time gossiping about the white heroine's love life. The Dynamites and Motormouth Maybelle from Hairspray. Extra points since the latter is played by Queen Latifah in the latest film. In National Treasure , Abigail meets one while hiding from a goon. Possible early example: Annie the maid in It's a Wonderful Life , who certainly wasn't shy about speaking her mind. What a character. Hattie McDaniel reprised that exact role for Song of the South.
Jackie Brown , by Quentin Tarantino. Terry from Angels Revenge. Dre's mother in the remake of The Karate Kid Tyler Perry 's Madea. Max: Who's your best friend? Amy: You are my best friend. Max: And what did I say to you the very first day at the Academy? Amy: That's my bunk, bitch. Mammy from Gone with the Wind is awfully outspoken, especially considering the fact that she's a slave in the first part. Topsy and Cassy from Uncle Tom's Cabin. Lula in the Stephanie Plum novels is a fellow bounty hunter. She's a larger woman who wears tight, brightly coloured spandex, and tends to provide running commentary on what's going on.
Her attitude can annoy Stephanie at times, but she's always there when the chips are down. Jessica in the Betsy the Vampire Queen series. Also the heroine's Token Black Friend. Ray Epps' wife in the novelization of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen fits this. She managed to get the good guys a piece of very vital, hard-to-relay-without-getting-caught information under the guise of wanting her husband to pay for plastic surgery.
Kyra Davies from the Allys World series fits the trope, but is portrayed almost unwaveringly positively. Live-Action TV. Much of the humor came from the chemistry between Sherman Hemsley and Gibbs. To a lesser extent, Louise Isabel Sanford also stood her ground, particularly to George. Rebecca De Mornay on Seinfeld. It seems Jerry wanted to make the show more gangsta in later seasons. Her comedic threats are played off comedy.
She tends to go beyond merely being "sassy" and just be downright rude. Leslie Jones, who joined the cast in Season 40, seems prone to playing this. One sketch features her as the trash-talking manager of a Sprint store, and Louis C. CK tries to keep his job by pretending that he always talks like that. After he keeps this front for six years, Jones confesses to him that she's not really that sassy, but put on an act to pass the interview. CK proceeds to confess that he doesn't really talk like a sassy Black woman, either. Jones then reveals that she really is a sassy Black woman, and since CK confirmed her suspicions that he was only mocking her, she boots him from her store. Noah's Arc : Similar to the Lafayette example above, the feminine, outspoken, sassy Alex fits the trope flawlessly.
Deputy Raineesha Williams from Reno ! In Ugly Betty , Ignacio's case worker is a sassy Black woman who falls in love with him, much to his chagrin. Mahandra from Wonderfalls. Harriette Winslow, the elevator operator, in Perfect Strangers. Family Matters was originally supposed to be a show centering on her, since she was a particularly popular Sassy Black Woman. It didn't work. Patti in Eli Stone also a Sassy Secretary. Nurse Laverne Roberts of Scrubs. Carla: First, you do the head, then you do the finger, then you talk through the nose That's how it works.
But if you're not from there, you don't understand, so I'm not gonna even 'axe' you-. Mercedes: Why does everyone assume I'm angry all the time? It's called being sassy. Dean: Shirley. The voice. Can you make it more I thought it would be more sssss Aunt Helen: Honey, who'd you think you was bringin' him home to, Stevie Wonder? The band role of Scary Spice aka. Mel B of the Spice Girls. If you look up a video of her performing live on Youtube, a lot of the comments will exclaim that they thought she was Black.
Professional Wrestling. Jacqueline Moore , when she actually spoke, managed the cigar smoking, beer chugging, poker playing A P A and joined in just as well. Jazz , who was inspired to become a wrestler after watching Jacqueline and was just as hammy and sassy. Sharmell Huffman, Booker T 's wife, was this in her initial face persona.
This made it all the funnier when, after Booker became King of the Ring, the two of them tried to pass themselves as Upper Class Twits. Shelton 's momma. She was pretty subdued when WWE showed vintages of Shelton Benjamin's past growing up in a crime ridden area and his All American victories wrestling in the NCAA but when she became an onscreen "character" in , she was loud, boastful and constantly brow beat Shelton for all his shortcomings. She loves her voice almost as much as she loves beating " divas " so expect to hear a lot of it. In many other promotions she only spoke Japanese.
On Total Divas , she fits the bill of the Only Sane Man variant - as the most level-headed member of the cast. Since being hand picked by Vinny Vice in the Pro Wrestling Syndicate La Rosa Negra showed heavy shades of it, having a put down or quip for almost anything that comes up, which at times have also been seen in her NWA run. Layla was occasionally portrayed as this, although not often. Firstly due to her being Moroccan and Spanish not to mention English and secondly due to her finding more affinity as a hammy ditz. Nina Monet was initially a sweet Georgia peach, but a combination of getting knocked around in a dangerous business, and spending too much time in New Jersey changed her into a brasher, more confrontational and more sarcastic woman.
When Monet and most persistent rival Dementia D'Rose put their differences aside for the Sparkle showcase , she also caused some of Rose's sass, which had largely been lost as she slowly became a Knife Nut , to come back. Sasha Banks nearly played this - if a leaked vignette from a promo class is anything to go by. She spoke in a stereotypical sassy ghetto accent and had tacky jewellery.
While she did turn heel on TV, she played a Beta Bitch to Summer Rae and eventually evolved into someone who was ruthless and spiteful as opposed to sassy. The Kevin And Bean Show has Ralph Garmin playing a recurring character called Laquisha, a sassy, middle-aged Black woman who reviews reality television shows. She basically expresses whatever Ralph's actual opinions are on the show, skewering the banal production and idiotic people, but with a funny voice. Bloody Mary from South Pacific is an example of this trope before it became popular. She speaks in You No Take Candle , but she's very spunky! The character is supposed to be Polynesian rather than "Black", but the role is often given to an African-American actress because in the US at least those are easier to come by.
Queenie from Show Boat , originally portrayed in Blackface. Maria from Porgy and Bess. Sophia from The Color Purple. Conversely, in certain cultures which link family honor with female virginity , the word girl or its equivalent in other languages is still used to refer to a never-married woman; in this sense it is used in a fashion roughly analogous to the more-or-less obsolete English maid or maiden. There are various words used to refer to the quality of being a woman. The term "womanhood" merely means the state of being a woman, having passed the menarche ; "femininity" is used to refer to a set of typical female qualities associated with a certain attitude to gender roles ; "womanliness" is like "femininity", but is usually associated with a different view of gender roles.
Menarche, the onset of menstruation , occurs on average at age 12— Normally cells from females contain two X chromosomes, and cells from males contain an X and a Y chromosome. Sex differentiation proceeds in females in a way that is independent of gondal hormones. Puberty in females triggers changes in the body that enable sexual reproduction via fertilization. In response to chemical signals from the pituitary gland of the brain, ovaries produce estrogen that stimulates maturation of the body, including increased height and weight, body hair growth, breast development and menarche the onset of menstruation which generally occurs between ages 12— Most girls go through menarche and are then able to become pregnant and bear children.
This generally requires internal fertilization of her eggs with the sperm of a man through sexual intercourse , though reproductive technology offers alternatives. Typically between 49 and 52 years of age a woman reaches menopause   also known as the climacteric , which is the time in women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children. In terms of biology , the female sex organs are involved in the reproductive system, whereas the secondary sex characteristics are involved in breastfeeding children and attracting a mate. The ovaries , in addition to their regulatory function of producing hormones, produce female gametes called ova which, when fertilized by male gametes sperm , form new genetic individuals.
The uterus is an organ with tissue to protect and nurture the developing fetus and muscle to expel it when giving birth. The vagina is used in copulation and birthing, although the term vagina is often colloquially and incorrectly used in the English language for the vulva or external female genitalia ,   which consists of in addition to the vaginal opening the labia , the clitoris , and the female urethra. The mammary glands are hypothesized to have evolved from apocrine-like glands to produce milk, a nutritious secretion that is the most distinctive characteristic of mammals, along with live birth. Although fewer females than males are born the ratio is around Out of the total human population in , there were The life expectancy differences are partly due to inherent biological advantages, but they also reflect behavioral differences between men and women.
The gap is narrowing to some extent in some developed countries, possibly due to increased smoking among women and declining rates of cardiovascular disease among men. The World Health Organization writes that it is "important to note that the extra years of life for women are not always lived in good health. The issue of women's health has been taken up by many feminists , especially where reproductive health is concerned.
Women's health is positioned within a wider body of knowledge cited by, amongst others, the World Health Organization , which places importance on gender as a social determinant of health. There are some diseases that primarily affect women, such as lupus. Also, there are some sex-related illnesses that are found more frequently or exclusively in women, e. Women and men may have different symptoms of an illness and may also respond to medical treatment differently. This area of medical research is studied by gender-based medicine. Maternal mortality or maternal death is defined by WHO as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.
To support the upgrading of midwifery skills the WHO established a midwife training program, Action for Safe Motherhood. More than half of them occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third in South Asia. In the US ranked 12th of the 14 developed countries that were analyzed and since that time the death rates of every country have steadily improved while the US rate has spiked dramatically. While the others that were analyzed in show a death rate of fewer than 10 deaths per every , live births, the U. Furthermore, for every one of the to women who die in the U.
Reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics has stated that: . Of those, about 25 million were considered as unsafe. The WHO reports that in developed regions about 30 women die for every , unsafe abortions and that number rises to deaths per , unsafe abortions in developing regions and deaths per , unsafe abortions in sub-Saharan Africa.
The WHO ascribes these deaths to:. In recent history, gender roles have changed greatly. At some earlier points in history, children's occupational aspirations starting at a young age differed according to gender. For poorer women, especially working class women, although this often remained an ideal, [ specify ] economic necessity compelled them to seek employment outside the home. Many of the occupations that were available to them were lower in pay than those available to men. As changes in the labor market for women came about, availability of employment changed from only "dirty", long hour factory jobs to "cleaner", more respectable office jobs where more education was demanded.
Women's participation in the U. These shifts in the labor force led to changes in the attitudes of women at work, allowing for the revolution which resulted in women becoming career and education oriented. In the s, many female academics, including scientists, avoided having children. Throughout the s, institutions tried to equalize conditions for men and women in the workplace. Even so, the inequalities at home hampered women's opportunities: professional women were still generally considered responsible for domestic labor and child care, which limited the time and energy they could devote to their careers. Until the early 20th century, U. According to Schiebinger, "Being a scientist and a wife and a mother is a burden in society that expects women more often than men to put family ahead of career.
Movements advocate equality of opportunity for both sexes and equal rights irrespective of gender. Through a combination of economic changes and the efforts of the feminist movement , in recent decades women in many societies have gained access to careers beyond the traditional homemaker. Despite these advances, modern women in Western society still face challenges in the workplace as well as with the topics of education, violence, health care, politics, and motherhood, and others. Sexism can be a main concern and barrier for women almost anywhere, though its forms, perception, and gravity vary between societies and social classes.
There has been an increase in the endorsement of egalitarian gender roles in the home by both women and men. Although a greater number of women are seeking higher education, their salaries are often less than those of men. CBS News said in that in the United States women who are ages 30 to 44 and hold a university degree make 62 percent of what similarly qualified men do, a lower rate than in all but three of the 19 countries for which numbers are available. It also states that " violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women ". Violence against women remains a widespread problem, fueled, especially outside the West, by patriarchal social values, lack of adequate laws, and lack of enforcement of existing laws.
Social norms that exist in many parts of the world hinder progress towards protecting women from violence. Specific forms of violence that affect women include female genital mutilation , sex trafficking , forced prostitution , forced marriage , rape , sexual harassment , honor killings , acid throwing , and dowry related violence. Governments can be complicit in violence against women, such as when stoning is used as a legal punishment, mostly for women accused of adultery. There have also been many forms of violence against women which have been prevalent historically, notably the burning of witches , the sacrifice of widows such as sati and foot binding.
The prosecution of women accused of witchcraft has a long tradition; for example, during the early modern period between the 15th and 18th centuries , witch trials were common in Europe and in the European colonies in North America. Today, there remain regions of the world such as parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, rural North India, and Papua New Guinea where belief in witchcraft is held by many people, and women accused of being witches are subjected to serious violence. In Saudi Arabia , witchcraft remains a crime punishable by death , and in the country beheaded a woman for 'witchcraft and sorcery'.
It is also the case that certain forms of violence against women have been recognized as criminal offenses only during recent decades, and are not universally prohibited, in that many countries continue to allow them. This is especially the case with marital rape. Sexual violence against women greatly increases during times of war and armed conflict , during military occupation , or ethnic conflicts ; most often in the form of war rape and sexual slavery. Contemporary examples of sexual violence during war include rape during the Armenian Genocide , rape during the Bangladesh Liberation War , rape in the Bosnian War , rape during the Rwandan genocide , and rape during Second Congo War.
In Colombia, the armed conflict has also resulted in increased sexual violence against women. Laws and policies on violence against women vary by jurisdiction. In the European Union , sexual harassment and human trafficking are subject to directives. Women in different parts of the world dress in different ways, with their choices of clothing being influenced by local culture, religious tenets, traditions, social norms, and fashion trends, amongst other factors.
Different societies have different ideas about modesty. However, in many jurisdictions, women's choices in regard to dress are not always free, with laws limiting what they may or may not wear. This is especially the case in regard to Islamic dress. These laws—both those mandating and those prohibiting certain articles of dress—are highly controversial. The total fertility rate TFR — the average number of children born to a woman over her lifetime — differs significantly between different regions of the world.
In , the highest estimated TFR was in Niger 6. In many parts of the world, there has been a change in family structure over the past few decades. For instance, in the West, there has been a trend of moving away from living arrangements that include the extended family to those which only consist of the nuclear family. There has also been a trend to move from marital fertility to non-marital fertility.
Children born outside marriage may be born to cohabiting couples or to single women. While births outside marriage are common and fully accepted in some parts of the world, in other places they are highly stigmatized, with unmarried mothers facing ostracism, including violence from family members, and in extreme cases even honor killings. The social role of the mother differs between cultures. In many parts of the world, women with dependent children are expected to stay at home and dedicate all their energy to child raising, while in other places mothers most often return to paid work see working mother and stay-at-home mother. Particular religious doctrines have specific stipulations relating to gender roles , social and private interaction between the sexes, appropriate dressing attire for women, and various other issues affecting women and their position in society.
In many countries, these religious teachings influence the criminal law , or the family law of those jurisdictions see Sharia law , for example. The relation between religion, law and gender equality has been discussed by international organizations. Single-sex education has traditionally been dominant and is still highly relevant. Universal education, meaning state-provided primary and secondary education independent of gender, is not yet a global norm, even if it is assumed in most developed countries. In some Western countries, women have surpassed men at many levels of education. Younger women today are far more likely to have completed a tertiary qualification: in 19 of the 30 OECD countries, more than twice as many women aged 25 to 34 have completed tertiary education than have women aged 55 to In 21 of 27 OECD countries with comparable data, the number of women graduating from university-level programmes is equal to or exceeds that of men.
Research shows that while women are studying at prestigious universities at the same rate as men they are not being given the same chance to join the faculty. Sociologist Harriet Zuckerman has observed that the more prestigious an institute is, the more difficult and time-consuming it will be for women to obtain a faculty position there. In , Harvard University tenured its first woman in chemistry, Cynthia Friend, and in its first woman in physics, Melissa Franklin.
She also observed that women were more likely to hold their first professional positions as instructors and lecturers while men are more likely to work first in tenure positions. According to Smith and Tang, as of , 65 percent of men and only 40 percent of women held tenured positions and only 29 percent of all scientists and engineers employed as assistant professors in four-year colleges and universities were women. In , women earned 9 percent of the PhDs awarded in engineering , but only one percent of those women became professors. In , 11 percent of professors in science and engineering were women.
In relation, only deans of engineering schools were women, which is less than 1 percent of the total. Even in psychology , a degree in which women earn the majority of PhDs, they hold a significant amount of fewer tenured positions, roughly 19 percent in World literacy is lower for females than for males. Women are underrepresented in government in most countries. In January , the global average of women in national assemblies was For example, women's suffrage in the United States was achieved gradually, first at state and local levels in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, then in when women in the US received universal suffrage with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Some Western countries were slow to allow women to vote, notably Switzerland, where women gained the right to vote in federal elections in , and in the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden women were granted the right to vote on local issues only in , when the canton was forced to do so by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland ;   and Liechtenstein , in , through a women's suffrage referendum.
Women have, throughout history, made contributions to science, literature and art. One area where women have been permitted most access historically was that of obstetrics and gynecology prior to the 18th century, caring for pregnant women in Europe was undertaken by women; from the mid 18th century onwards, medical monitoring of pregnant women started to require rigorous formal education, to which women did not generally have access, and thus the practice was largely transferred to men. Writing was generally also considered acceptable for upper-class women, although achieving success as a female writer in a male-dominated world could be very difficult; as a result of several women writers adopted a male pen name e. George Sand , George Eliot.
There are music movements, [ clarification needed ] events and genres related to women, women's issues and feminism. Although there have been a huge number of women composers in classical music, from the Medieval period to the present day, women composers are significantly underrepresented in the commonly performed classical music repertoire , music history textbooks and music encyclopedias; for example, in the Concise Oxford History of Music , Clara Schumann is one of the only female composers who is mentioned. Women comprise a significant proportion of instrumental soloists in classical music and the percentage of women in orchestras is increasing.
Women are less common as instrumental players in popular music genres such as rock and heavy metal , although there have been a number of notable female instrumentalists and all-female bands. Women are particularly underrepresented in extreme metal genres. While women were discouraged from composing in the 19th century, and there are few women musicologists , women became involved in music education " According to Jessica Duchen, a music writer for London's The Independent , women musicians in classical music are " According to the UK's Radio 3 editor, Edwina Wolstencroft, the classical music industry has long been open to having women in performance or entertainment roles, but women are much less likely to have positions of authority, such as being the leader of an orchestra.
Femininity also called womanliness or girlishness is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women and girls. Although femininity is socially constructed,  some behaviors considered feminine are biologically influenced. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Female adult human. For other uses, see Woman disambiguation and Women disambiguation. Science Technology. Arts Humanities. Popular culture. By country. First Second Third Fourth. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. General variants. Religious variants. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. Further information: girl , virgin , mother , wife , daughter , goodwife , godmother , lady , maid , maiden , and widow.
Main article: Sexual differentiation in humans. Main articles: Menstrual cycle and Menstruation. Main articles: Sex differences in human physiology and Secondary sex characteristic. Further information: Women's health and Maternal death. Main article: Reproductive rights. Main article: Gender role. Main article: Violence against women. Women's clothing varies highly in different cultures. From left to right: Afghan women wearing burqas , Japanese women wearing kimonos , and German women in casual tank tops and miniskirts. Further information: Fashion , Modesty , Clothing , and Hijab by country. Further information: Mother.
Main article: Female education. Main article: Literacy. Main articles: Timeline of women's suffrage and List of elected and appointed female heads of state and government. Main articles: Women in science , Women artists , and Women writers. Main article: Gender symbol. Main article: Femininity. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. The spelling "wifman" also occurs: C. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications. Next comes the naming of the mother of the race. She was man and more than man because of her maternity. Originally published in two volumes, and , by The European Publishing Company.
Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 29 August The Tower of Babel. An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language.It Atonement Briony Analysis still one of Woman In Black At The Opera Analysis most widely read poems in America. Main articles: Sex Annie Proulxs 55 Miles To The Gas Pump in human physiology and Secondary sex characteristic. Tongue i.