➊ Exemplification Essay: Caesar Barbers In Fast Food
A dicto simpliciter occurs when an acceptable exception Exemplification Essay: Caesar Barbers In Fast Food ignored or eliminated. Liturgical Press. Deo optimo maximo DOM. An optical device Exemplification Essay: Caesar Barbers In Fast Food in drawing, and an ancestor Exemplification Essay: Caesar Barbers In Fast Food modern photography. A response in the Dominus Vobiscum element of the Catholic Pros And Cons Of Off Campus Lunch. The plural is argumenta.
From Hebrews Adopted as the motto of the Order of Canada. For other meanings see Deus caritas est disambiguation. A contrived or artificial solution, usually to a literary plot. The device is most commonly associated with Euripides. The motto of The Catholic University of America. The principal motto of Scottish Rite Freemasonry. See also Dieu et mon droit. The principal slogan of the Crusades. A recent academic substitution for the spacious and inconvenient phrase "as previously stated".
Literally, has been stated. Compare also "dicta prius"; literally, said previously. A dicto simpliciter occurs when an acceptable exception is ignored or eliminated. For example, the appropriateness of using opiates is contingent on suffering extreme pain. To justify the recreational use of opiates by referring to a cancer patient or to justify arresting said patient by comparing him to the recreational user would be a dicto simpliciter. Motto of the London Stock Exchange. From the Roman Emperor Titus. Recorded in the biography of him by Suetonius in Lives of the Twelve Caesars. Reference to the Judgment Day in Christian eschatology.
Days under common law traditionally Sunday , during which no legal process can be served and any legal judgment is invalid. First entry in Annales Cambriae , for the year In Classical Latin , "I arrange". In other words, the gods have ideas different from those of mortals, and so events do not always occur in the way persons wish them to. Confer Virgil , Aeneid , 2: Also confer "Man proposes and God disposes" and "My Thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways", Isaiah 55, Refers to the Manes , i. Roman spirits of the dead. Loosely, "to the memory of". A conventional pagan inscription preceding the name of the deceased on his tombstone; often shortened to dis manibus D. Preceded in some earlier monuments by hic situs est H.
Attributed to St. Edmund of Abingdon. First seen in Isidoro de Sevilla. Paraphrased from Horace , Satires , 1, 4, 62, where it is written " disiecti membra poetae " limbs of a scattered poet. Motto of the State of Arizona , United States, adopted in Probably derived from the translation of the Vulgate Bible of Genesis A popular, eloquent expression, usually used in the end of a speech. The implied meaning is that the speaker has said all that he had to say and thus his argument is completed. Attributed to Seneca the Younger. Of course, the same might equally be said of the concept of 'specific intent', a notion used in the common law almost exclusively within the context of the defense of voluntary intoxication.
Schabas . Dominica in albis [depositis]. Latin name of the Octave of Easter in the Roman Catholic liturgy. Motto of the Southland College , Philippines. Psalm 28, 8. Dominus illuminatio mea. Motto of the University of Oxford , England. Psalm 27, 1. After Psalm 23, 1. A phrase used in the Roman Catholic liturgy , and sometimes in its sermons and homilies , and a general form of greeting among and towards members of Catholic organizations.
See also Pax vobiscum. Often set to music, either by itself or as the final phrase of the Agnus Dei prayer of the Holy Mass. Also an ending in the video game Haunting Ground. A legal concept in which a person in imminent mortal danger need not satisfy the otherwise requisite consideration to effect a testamentary donation, i. Motto of the fictional Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry of the Harry Potter series; translated more loosely in the books as "never tickle a sleeping dragon". Stan Laurel , inscription for the fan club logo of The Sons of the Desert. Motto of the Royal Canadian Infantry Corps. Attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca Sen. Meaning: "war may seem pleasant to those who have never been involved in it, though the experienced know better".
Erasmus of Rotterdam. Horace , Odes 4, 12, Horace , Odes 3, 2, Horace , Ars Poetica : poetry must be dulce et utile , i. Horace , Odes , 3 25, Motto of the Scottish clan MacAulay. Motto of the Scottish clan Fergusson. Motto of The Ravensbourne School. Used when someone has been asked for urgent help, but responds with no immediate action.
Similar to Hannibal ante portas , but referring to a less personal danger. Motto of the State of South Carolina. Motto of the Clan MacLennan. Motto of Presbyterian College. An encouragement to embrace life. Motto inscribed on the sword of the main character of the novel Glory Road. According to legend, the words spoken by the cardinal verifying that a newly-elected pope was a man, in a test employed after the reign of pope Joan. Meaning: "serving at the pleasure of the authority or officer who appointed". A Mediaeval legal Latin phrase. Often used in medicine when the underlying disease causing a symptom is not known.
See also idiopathic. Literally, out of more than one , one. Also the motto of S. Less commonly written as ex pluribus unum. From Luke in the Vulgate Bible. From the Gospel of John in the Vulgate Douay-Rheims , where Pontius Pilate speaks these words as he presents Christ , crowned with thorns, to the crowd. Bean , in which the full sung lyric is Ecce homo qui est faba "Behold the man who is a bean". See also: Panis angelicus. From the canons of statutory interpretation in law. When more general descriptors follow a list of many specific descriptors, the otherwise wide meaning of the general descriptors is interpreted as restricted to the same class, if any, of the preceding specific descriptors.
Part of the formula of Catholic sacramental absolution , i. The motto of Sidwell Friends School. Retired from office. Often used to denote an office held at the time of one's retirement, as an honorary title, e. Inclusion in one's title does not necessarily denote that the honorand is inactive in the pertinent office. Motto of University of South Carolina. Or "being one's own cause". Traditionally, a being that owes its existence to no other being, hence God or a Supreme Being see also Primum Mobile. Motto of the US state of Massachusetts , adopted in Occam's razor or Law of Parsimony; arguments which do not introduce extraneous variables are to be preferred in logical argumentation. Technical term in philosophy and law.
Similar to ipso facto. Example: "The fact that I am does not eo ipso mean that I think. From Virgil , Aeneid , II. Used in law , especially international law , to denote a kind of universal obligation. Denotes a logical conclusion see also cogito ergo sum. Sometimes attributed to Seneca the Younger , but not attested: Errare humanum est, perseverare autem diabolicum, et tertia non datur To err is human; to persist [in committing such errors] is of the devil, and the third possibility is not given.
Several authors contemplated the idea before Seneca: Livy , Venia dignus error is humanus Storie , VIII, 35 and Cicero : is Cuiusvis errare: insipientis nullius nisi, in errore perseverare Anyone can err, but only the fool persists in his fault Philippicae , XII, 2, 5. Cicero, being well-versed in ancient Greek, may well have been alluding to Euripides ' play Hippolytus some four centuries earlier. Lists of errors in a previous edition of a work are often marked with the plural errata "errors". Roman legal principle formulated by Pomponius in the Digest of the Corpus Juris Civilis , stating that legal actions undertaken by man under the influence of error are invalid. Motto of George Berkeley for his subjective idealist philosophical position that nothing exists independently of its perception by a mind except minds themselves.
Truly being a thing, rather than merely seeming to be a thing. The motto of many institutions. Prior to Cicero, Sallust used the phrase in Bellum Catilinae , 54, 6, writing that Cato esse quam videri bonus malebat "preferred to be good, rather than to seem so". Earlier still, Aeschylus used a similar phrase in Seven Against Thebes , line ou gar dokein aristos, all' enai thelei "he wishes not to seem the best, but to be the best".
According to Potempski and Galmarini Atmos. Motto of the US state of Idaho , adopted in ; of S. Motto of Wells Cathedral School. Alii is masculine , and therefore it can be used to refer to men, or groups of men and women; the feminine et aliae is proper when the "others" are all female, but as with many loanwords , interlingual use, such as in reference lists, is often invariable. Et alia is neuter plural and thus in Latin text is properly used only for inanimate, genderless objects, but some use it as a gender-neutral alternative.
AMA style forgoes the period because it forgoes the period on abbreviations generally and it forgoes the italic as it does with other loanwords naturalized into scientific English ; many journals that follow AMA style do likewise. A response in the Dominus Vobiscum element of the Catholic Mass. From Genesis , "and there was light". See also Fiat lux. In other words, "I too am in Arcadia". See also memento mori. See also Lux in Tenebris. From the Book of Psalms , II. Vulgate , 2. Used in citations after a page number to indicate that there is further information in other locations in the cited resource. See also passim. Also et sequentia "and the following things": neut. Commonly used in legal citations to refer to statutes that comprise several sequential sections of a code of statutes e.
National Labor Relations Act , 29 U. Or "Even you, Brutus? Etiam si omnes, ego non. This sentence synthesizes a famous concept of Hugo Grotius A bilingual palindrome , yielding its English paraphrase, "Anger, 'tis safe never. Bar it! Use love! In law , describes someone taking precautions against a very remote contingency. Also the basis for the term "an abundance of caution" employed by United States President Barack Obama to explain why the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court John Roberts had to re-administer the presidential oath of office, and again in reference to terrorist threats.
Sometimes rendered without enim "for". Denoting "on equal footing", i. Used for those two seldom more participants of a competition who demonstrated identical performance. Often used on internal diplomatic event invitations. A motto sometimes inscribed on flags and mission plaques of diplomatic corps. Denoting "beforehand", "before the event", or "based on prior assumptions"; denoting a prediction. Ex Astris Scientia. The motto of the fictional Starfleet Academy of Star Trek. Adapted from ex luna scientia , which in turn derived from ex scientia tridens.
A phrase applied to the declarations or promulgations of the Catholic Supreme Pontiff Pope when, preserved from the possibility of error by the Holy Spirit see Papal infallibility , he solemnly declares or promulgates "from the chair" that was the ancient symbol of the teacher and governor, in this case of the Church a dogmatic doctrine on faith or morals as being contained in divine revelation, or at least being intimately connected to divine revelation. Used, by extension, of anyone who is perceived as speaking as though with supreme authority. The motto of Cranleigh School , Surrey. The full legal phrase is ex dolo malo non oritur actio "an action does not arise from fraud". When an action has its origin in fraud or deceit, it cannot be supported; thus, a court of law will not assist a man who bases his course of action on an immoral or illegal act.
Motto of Rapha Cycling club see also Rapha sportswear. Idiomatically rendered "on the face of it". A legal term typically used to state that a document's explicit terms are defective absent further investigation. Also, "contempt ex facie " means contempt of court committed outside of the court, as contrasted with contempt in facie. More literally "from grace". Refers to someone voluntarily performing an act purely from kindness, as opposed to for personal gain or from being compelled to do it. In law , an ex gratia payment is one made without recognizing any liability or obligation. Recent academic notation denoting "from below in this writing". See also ex supra.
Precedes a person's name, denoting "from the library of" the nominate; also a synonym for " bookplate ". The motto of the Apollo 13 lunar mission, derived from ex scientia tridens , the motto of Jim Lovell 's alma mater , the United States Naval Academy. From Lucretius , and said earlier by Empedocles. Its original meaning is "work is required to succeed", but its modern meaning is a more general "everything has its origins in something" see also causality. It is commonly applied to the conservation laws in philosophy and modern science. Ex nihilo is often used in conjunction with "creation", as in creatio ex nihilo , denoting "creation out of nothing". It is often used in philosophy and theology in connection with the proposition that God created the universe from nothing.
Denotes something that has been newly made or made from scratch see also de novo. The title of a short story by H. By virtue or right of office. Often used when someone holds one office by virtue of holding another: for example, the President of France is an ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. A common misconception is that all ex officio members of a committee or congress may not vote; but in some cases they do. In law ex officio can also refer to an administrative or judicial office taking action of its own accord, in the case of the latter the more common term is ex proprio motu or ex meru motu , for example to invalidate a patent or prosecute infringers of copyright.
A theological phrase contrasted with ex opere operato , referring to the notion that the validity or promised benefit of a sacrament depends on the person administering it. A theological phrase meaning that the act of receiving a sacrament actually confers the promised benefit, such as a baptism actually and literally cleansing one's sins. The Catholic Church affirms that the source of grace is God, not just the actions or disposition of the minister or the recipient of the sacrament. Originally refers to the sun rising in the east, but alludes to culture coming from the Eastern world. Motto of several institutions. Shown on the logo as used by East Germany's CDU , a blue flag with two yellow stripes, a dove, and the CDU symbol in the center with the words ex oriente pax.
A legal term that means "by one party" or "for one party". Thus, on behalf of one side or party only. Or 'with due competence'. Said of the person who perfectly knows his art or science. Also used to mean "expressly". The term is a legal phrase; the legal citation guide called the Bluebook describes ex rel. An example of use is in court case titles such as Universal Health Services, Inc. United States ex rel. The United States Naval Academy motto. Refers to knowledge bringing men power over the sea comparable to that of the trident -bearing Greek god Poseidon.
In general, the claim that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition. An argumentum ex silentio " argument from silence " is an argument based on the assumption that someone's silence on a matter suggests "proves" when a logical fallacy that person's ignorance of the matter or their inability to counterargue validly. The motto of the University of Central Lancashire , Preston. Recent academic notation for "from above in this writing". See also ex infra. Ex turpi causa non oritur actio. A legal doctrine which states that a claimant will be unable to pursue a cause of action, if it arises in connection with his own illegal act.
Particularly relevant in the law of contract, tort and trusts. Used in reference to the study or assay of living tissue in an artificial environment outside the living organism. Thus, in accordance with a promise. An ex voto is also an offering made in fulfillment of a vow. Also a catchphrase used by Marvel Comics head Stan Lee. A juridical principle which means that the statement of a rule's exception e. Often mistranslated as "the exception that proves the rule ". More loosely, "he who excuses himself, accuses himself"—an unprovoked excuse is a sign of guilt.
In French , qui s'excuse, s'accuse. The abbreviation "e. It is not usually followed by a comma in British English, but it often is in American usage. On a plaque at the former military staff building of the Swedish Armed Forces. Third-person plural present active indicative of the Latin verb exire ; also seen in exeunt omnes , "all leave"; singular: exit. This term has been used in dermatopathology to express that there is no substitute for experience in dealing with all the numerous variations that may occur with skin conditions. A principle of legal statutory interpretation : the explicit presence of a thing implies intention to exclude others; e.
Sometimes expressed as expressum facit cessare tacitum broadly, "the expression of one thing excludes the implication of something else". Refers to a possible result of Catholic ecclesiastical legal proceedings when the culprit is removed from being part of a group like a monastery. This expression comes from the Epistle to Jubaianus , paragraph 21, written by Saint Cyprian of Carthage , a bishop of the third century. It is often used to summarise the doctrine that the Catholic Church is absolutely necessary for salvation.
It is issued by the Master of the Papal Liturgical Celebrations before a session of the Papal conclave which will elect a new Pope. When spoken, all those who are not Cardinals , or those otherwise mandated to be present at the Conclave, must leave the Sistine Chapel. Refers to extraterritorial jurisdiction. Often cited in law of the sea cases on the high seas. A Roman legal principle indicating that a witness who willfully falsifies one matter is not credible on any matter. The underlying motive for attorneys to impeach opposing witnesses in court: the principle discredits the rest of their testimony if it is without corroboration.
Ovid , Metamorphoses Hypochromic anemia or chlorosis, once described as the "fever of love", which was believed to stem from the yearning for passion in virgins. First written about in by the German physician Johannes Lange. Also known as "Disease of the Virgins". Slight variant "quod potui feci" found in James Boswell 's An Account of Corsica , there described as "a simple beautiful inscription on the front of Palazzo Tolomei at Siena".
Felicitas, Integritas Et Sapientia. Happiness , Integrity and Knowledge. People's beliefs are shaped largely by their desires. Julius Caesar , The Gallic War 3. An oxymoronic motto of Augustus. It encourages proceeding quickly, but calmly and cautiously. Equivalent to "more haste, less speed". Ovid . Virgin Mary's response to the Annunciation. Horace , Ars Poetica ; advice presumably discounted by the magical realists. Fidei Defensor Fid Def or fd. British monarchs continue to use the title, which is still inscribed on all British coins, and usually abbreviated. Roman Catholic theological term for the personal faith that apprehends what is believed, contrasted with fides quae creditur , which is what is believed; see next phrase below. Roman Catholic theological term for the content and truths of the Faith or "the deposit of the Faith", contrasted with fides qua creditur , which is the personal faith by which the Faith is believed; see previous phrase.
Anselm ; Proslogion. A major part of a work is properly finishing it. Virgil , Eclogues , Highlighted by various authors Richard Barnfield , Lord Byron as a reference to same-sex love. Virgil , Aeneid , Book 1, Line Fortune favours the bold. The motto of the Jutland Dragoon Regiment of Denmark. Frustra legis auxilium quaerit qui in legem committit. Inscribed on the facade of the Quebec Court of Appeal in Montreal. An epitaph that reminds the reader of the inevitability of death, as if to state: "Once I was alive like you are, and you will be dead as I am now.
Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres. First words of an academic anthem used, among other places, in The Student Prince. Motto of Bishop Allen Academy. Motto of Campion School. A principle of statutory interpretation : If a matter falls under a specific provision in a statute enacted before a general provision enacted in a later statute, it is to be presumed that the legislature did not intend that the earlier specific provision be repealed, and the matter is governed by the earlier specific provision, not the more recent general one. The unique, distinctive aspects or atmosphere of a place, such as those celebrated in art, stories, folk tales, and festivals. Originally, the genius loci was literally the protective spirit of a place, a creature usually depicted as a snake.
Learn each field of study according to its kind. Virgil, Georgics II. Motto of the University of Bath. Motto of FIDE. Can be traced back to Claudian 's poem De consulatu Stilichonis. Gloria in excelsis Deo. Often translated "Glory to God on High". The title and beginning of an ancient Roman Catholic doxology , the Greater Doxology. See also ad maiorem Dei gloriam. Sallust , Bellum Jugurthum " Jugurthine War " The glory of sons is their fathers Proverbs Motto of Manitoba. Motto of private spaceflight company Blue Origin , which officially treats "Step by step, ferociously" as the English translation. Motto of Grey College , Durham. Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit. Horace Epistles 2. Most commonly from Shakespeare 's Julius Caesar where Casca couldn't explain to Cassius what Cicero was saying because he was speaking Greek.
The more common colloquialism would be: It's all Greek to me. Virgil Aeneid ; more severe things await, the worst is yet to come. Title of a poem by James Elroy Flecker . A legal term from the 14th century or earlier. Refers to a number of legal writs requiring a jailer to bring a prisoner in person hence corpus before a court or judge, most commonly habeas corpus ad subjiciendum that you have the body [brought up] for the purpose of subjecting [the case to examination]. Commonly used as the general term for a prisoner's legal right to challenge the legality of their detention. Used after a Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful ballot to elect a new pope.
Habent sua fata libelli. Commonly rendered in English as "One day, we'll look back on this and smile". From Virgil 's Aeneid 1. Found in Cicero's first Philippic and in Livy's Ab urbe condita Hannibal was a fierce enemy of Rome who almost brought them to defeat. Sometimes rendered "Hannibal ante portas", with similar meaning: "Hannibal before the gates". Thus, "I say no things that are unknown". From Virgil 's Aeneid , 2. Hei mihi! From Ovid 's Metamorphoses "Transformations" , I, Written on uncharted territories of old maps; see also: here be dragons. Also rendered hic iacet. Written on gravestones or tombs, preceding the name of the deceased. Equivalent to hic sepultus here is buried , and sometimes combined into hic jacet sepultus HJS , "here lies buried".
According to Titus Livius the phrase was pronounced by Marcus Furius Camillus , addressing the senators who intended to abandon the city, invaded by Gauls , circa BC. It is used today to express the intent to keep one's position, even if the circumstances appear adverse. An athlete brags about his impressive jump at a past event in Rhodes, whereupon he is challenged to reproduce it then and there, not merely boast. In other words, prove what you can do, here and now. Cited by Hegel and Marx. From Terence , Andria , line Originally literal, referring to the tears shed by Pamphilus at the funeral of Chrysis, it came to be used proverbially in the works of later authors, such as Horace Epistula XIX, Written on the wall of the old astronomical observatory of Vilnius University , Lithuania, and the university's motto.
Also "history is the mistress of life". Motto of Bradford Grammar School. Sometimes simply written as "Hoc est corpus meum" or "This is my body". Refers to the crowd at Tigellio's funeral c. Not to be confused with et hoc genus omne English: and all that sort of thing. Inscription that can be seen on tombstones dating from the Middle Ages, meant to outline the ephemerality of life. From Martial 's Epigrams , Book 10, No. Varro BC — 27 BC , in the opening line of the first book of Rerum Rusticarum Libri Tres , wrote "quod, ut dicitur, si est homo bulla, eo magis senex" for if, as they say, man is a bubble, all the more so is an old man  later reintroduced by Erasmus in his Adagia , a collection of sayings published in First attested in Plautus ' Asinaria lupus est homo homini.
The sentence was drawn on by Hobbes in Leviathan as a concise expression of his views on human nature. See also: presumption of innocence. Originally "strange" or "foreign" alienum was used in the sense of "irrelevant", as this line was a response to the speaker being told to mind his own business, but it is now commonly used to advocate respecting different cultures and being humane in general. Puto I consider is not translated because it is meaningless outside of the line's context within the play. Said of an honorary title , such as "Doctor of Science honoris causa ". Medical shorthand for "at bedtime". Motto of the Chicago Park District , a playful allusion to the city's motto, urbs in horto , q.
Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in general. From Newton , Principia. Less literally, "I do not assert that any hypotheses are true". Perfectly correct Latin sentence usually reported as funny by modern Italians because the same exact words, in Italian, mean "Romans' calves are beautiful", which has a ridiculously different meaning.
Usually used in bibliographic citations to refer to the last source previously referenced. A phrase used in legal language to indicate the most probable outcome from an act, fact, event or cause. Not to be confused with an intelligence quotient. In the Roman calendar , the Ides of March refers to the 15th day of March. In modern times, the term is best known as the date on which Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC; the term has come to be used as a metaphor for impending doom. Used by Johann Sebastian Bach at the beginning of his compositions, which he ended with "S. Compare Besiyata Dishmaya. This is an internationalized expansion of what was previously published as Garner's Modern American Usage.
Oxford Style Manual. Oxford University Press. Fowler's Modern English Usage 3rd ed. Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage 4th ed. Both should always be printed lower case roman with two points and no spaces. Guardian and Observer style guide. The Economist Style Guide. Economist Group. The Times Online Style Guide. Archived from the original on June 29, E-book edition v3. The Chicago Manual of Style 17th ed. University of Chicago Press. Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers 5th ed. Australian Government Publishing Service. A Canadian Writer's Reference 4th ed. This is a Canadian revision of an originally American publication. The Canadian Style Revised and Expanded 2nd ed. Practical dermatopathology. Elsevier Mosby.
Rev Gastroenterol. PMID Psychological Medicine. London: Edward and Charles Dilly. Stone The Routledge Dictionary of Latin Quotations. New York: Routledge. The Classical Journal. ISSN Poetae Latini Minores. Nature in Cambridgeshire. December The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; comprising a registry of armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time. London: Harrison. In Riley, Henry Thomas ed. The Comedies of Plautus. Act II, scene IV.
OCLC Dictionary of Quotations Classical. The Macmillan Co. Translated by Aubrey Stewart. Moral Essays. Translated by John W. Putnam's Sons. Psychology Press. Benson, ed. The Riverside Chaucer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Mundus vult decipi. Kiessling, Nicolas K. The Anatomy of Melancholy , Part 3, Sect. Kentish Town: Julian Hibbert. First Appendix, p. De Natura Deorum. Williams Moral Letters to Lucilius , Hosted at Wikisource. Cambridge University Press Cambridge , Hosted at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Indiana University Press. Horace's ode "Diffugere nives". Translated by Derbyshire, John. Retrieved February 1, New York: Penguin.
Jurisdiction Ratione Personae or the personal reach of the courts jurisdiction". Martinus Nijhoff. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. JSTOR The Hague, on or about Tuesday, 16 May Gifford — Book 6". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 21 June The Latin Library. Retrieved 10 September Selderhuis, ed. Breve schizzo dei sistemi di filosofia moderna e del proprio sistema e Dialogo su la vera natura del conoscere. Caviglione, Carlo.
Lanciano: R. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. December 31, Program in Linguistics. University of Georgia. Latin phrases. Categories : Lists of Latin phrases. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. This list is a combination of the twenty divided " List of Latin phrases " pages. From general to particular; "What holds for all X also holds for one particular X. An inference from smaller to bigger; what is forbidden at least is forbidden at more "If riding a bicycle with two on it is forbidden, riding it with three on it is at least similarly punished".
Thus, an argumentum a contrario "argument from the contrary" is an argument or proof by contrast or direct opposite. Legal phrase. See also ab ovo usque ad mala. Based on observation, i. Opposite of a priori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out. In philosophy , used to denote something known from experience. Presupposed independent of experience; the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried out. In philosophy, used to denote something is supposed without empirical evidence. In everyday speech, it denotes something occurring or being known before the event.
Said of an argument either for a conclusion that rests on the alleged absurdity of an opponent's argument cf. The phrase is distinct from reductio ad absurdum , which is usually a valid logical argument. Literally, "from the everlasting," "from eternity," or "from outside of time. Sometimes used incorrectly to denote something, not from without time, but from a point within time, i. Regarding or pertaining to correspondence. Legal term denoting derivation from an external source, as opposed to a person's self or mind—the latter of which is denoted by ab intra.
New Latin for "based on unsuitability," "from inconvenience," or "from hardship. The phrase refers to the legal principle that an argument from inconvenience has great weight. AD Ab initio mundi means "from the beginning of the world. In science , it refers to the first principles. In other contexts, it often refers to beginner or training courses. In law , it refers to a thing being true from its beginning or from the instant of the act, rather than from when the court declared it so. Likewise, an annulment is a judicial declaration of the invalidity or nullity of a marriage ab initio : the so-called marriage was "no thing" Latin: nullius , from which the word "nullity" derives and never existed, except perhaps in name only.
It is used in law to describe a decision or action that is motivated by hatred or anger instead of reason and is detrimental to those whom it affects. Derived from the longer phrase in Horace 's Satire 1. Thus, ab ovo means "from the beginning," and can connote thoroughness. As opposed to "no offense," absit invidia is said in the context of a statement of excellence, to ward off envious deities who might interpret a statement of excellence as hubris.
Legal term pronounced by a judge in order to acquit a defendant following their trial. Te absolvo or absolvo te "I forgive you" is said by Roman Catholic priests during the Sacrament of Confession , prior to the Second Vatican Council and in vernacular thereafter. Refers to situations in which a single example or observation indicates a general or universal truth. Coined in Virgil , Aeneid II Example: in the court of King Silas in the American television series Kings.
It was used as a referential year in ancient Rome from which subsequent years were calculated, prior to being replaced by other dating conventions. Also anno urbis conditae AUC , literally "in the year of the founded city. The misuse of some thing does not eliminate the possibility of its correct use. From Psalms ; some translations have "sea calls to sea. Legal principle denoting that an accused person is entitled to plead not guilty, and that a witness is not obligated to respond or submit a document that would incriminate himself. A similar phrase is nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare "no one is bound to accuse himself". Derived from Ovid , Tristia , I. Common ending to ancient Roman comedies: Suetonius claimed in The Twelve Caesars that these were the last words of Augustus ; Sibelius applied them to the third movement of his String Quartet No.
A defendant is exonerated by the failure of the prosecution to prove its case . Legal principle of the presumption of mens rea in a crime. The actual crime that is committed, as opposed to the intent, thinking, and rationalizing that procured the criminal act; the external elements of a crime, rather than the internal elements i. In logic , to the point of being silly or nonsensical. See also reductio ad absurdum. Not to be confused with ab absurdo "from the absurd".
Used in legal language when providing additional evidence to an already sufficient collection. Also used commonly as an equivalent of "as if this wasn't enough. Used as a motto by the State of Kansas and other organisations. Often said of or used by politicians. Likewise, an argumentum ad captandum is an argument designed to please the crowd. Formal letter or communication in the Christian tradition from a bishop to his clergy. An ad clerum may be an encouragement in a time of celebration or a technical explanation of new regulations or canons. An ad eundem degree derived from ad eundem gradum , "to the same step or degree" is a courtesy degree awarded by a university or college to an alumnus of another.
Rather than an honorary degree , it is a recognition of the formal learning for which the degree was earned at another college. Motto of Renaissance humanism and the Protestant Reformation. Provides the term argumentum ad hominem , a logical fallacy in which a person themselves is criticized, when the subject of debate is their idea or argument, on the mistaken assumption that the soundness of an argument is dependent on the qualities of the proponent. Used to designate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof. Also used in philosophical contexts to mean "repeating in all cases. The Calends were specific days of the Roman calendar , not of the Greek , and so the "Greek Kalends" would never occur.
Ad lib is often, specifically used when one improvises or ignores limitations. Also used by some restaurants in favor of the colloquial "all you can eat or drink. Refers specifically to the quinquennial visit ad limina , a formal trip by Roman Catholic bishops to visit the Pope every five years. Legal phrase referring to a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party who is deemed incapable of representing himself or herself, such as a child. An individual who acts in this capacity is called a guardian ad litem.
Used to suggest looking for information about a term in the corresponding place in a cited work of reference. Wish for a long life; similar to " many happy returns. An argumentum ad nauseam is a logical fallacy in which erroneous proof is proffered by prolonged repetition of the argument, i. Generally precedes "of" and a person's name, used to wish for someone to be remembered long after death. The abbreviation was historically used by physicians and others to signify that the last prescribed ingredient is to weigh as much as all of the previously mentioned ones.
Not the same as a referendum. Motto of the Brazilian Marine Corps. Motto of the Association of Trust Schools. Legal phrase for a writ of entry . Said of a work that has been expurgated of offensive or improper parts. Also rarely in usum Delphini "into the use of the Dauphin ". Used in commerce to refer to ad valorem taxes , i. One of the classic definitions of "truth:" when the mind has the same form as reality, we think truth.
Also rendered as adaequatio intellectus et rei. Phrase used in epistemology regarding the nature of understanding. Someone who, in the face of a specific argument, voices an argument that he does not necessarily accept, for the sake of argument and discovering the truth by testing the opponent's argument. The word aetatis means "aged" or "of age" e. Legal term derived from fides "faith" , originating at least from Medieval Latin to denote a statement under oath. Metaphysical and moral principle that indicates the connection of ontology , obligation , and ethics.
Refers both to the innocence of a lamb and to Christ being a sacrificial lamb after the Jewish religious practice. It is the Latin translation from John , when St. John the Baptist exclaimes " Ecce Agnus Dei! The original meaning was similar to "the game is afoot," but its modern meaning, like that of the phrase " crossing the Rubicon ," denotes passing the point of no return on a momentous decision and entering into a risky endeavor where the outcome is left to chance. Motto of Davidson College. An assumed name or pseudonym ; similar to alter ego , but more specifically referring to a name, not to a "second self.
Legal defense where a defendant attempts to show that he was elsewhere at the time a crime was committed e. From Isaiah 40 : "But those who wait for the Lord shall find their strength renewed, they shall mount up on wings like eagles, they shall run and not grow weary, they shall walk and not grow faint. Motto of the State of Oregon , adopted in , replacing the previous state motto of "The Union," which was adopted in Term used for the university one attends or has attended. Another university term, matriculation , is also derived from mater. The term suggests that the students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university.
It is also used for a university's traditional school anthem. Can be used to describe different facets or identities of a single character, or different characters who seem representations of the same personality. Often used of a fictional character 's secret identity. Usually attributed to Cicero , the phrase is the final sentence in Aesop 's ascribed fable " The Frogs Who Desired a King " as appears in the collection commonly known as the " Anonymus Neveleti ," in Fable 21B: De ranis a Iove querentibus regem. One of Justinian I 's three basic legal precepts. Graduate or former student of a school, college, or university. Plural of alumnus is alumni male.
Plural of alumna is alumnae female. From Psalm 72 :8, " Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae " KJV : "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth". National motto of Canada. From Ennius , as quoted by Cicero in Laelius de Amicitia , s. In current U. Amicus Plato, sed magis amica veritas. An assertion that truth is more valuable than friendship. An obsolete legal phrase signifying the forfeiture of the right of swearing in any court or cause, or to become infamous.
Nietzscheian alternative worldview to that represented through memento mori "remember you must die" : Nietzsche believed amor fati was more affirmative of life. Originally from Virgil , Eclogues X, 69 : omnia vincit amor: et nos cedamus amori "love conquers all: let us too surrender to love". The phrase is inscribed on a bracelet worn by the Prioress in Chaucer 's Canterbury Tales. An nescis, mi fili, quantilla prudentia mundus regatur? Said by Axel Oxenstierna to encourage his son, a delegate to the negotiations that would lead to the Peace of Westphalia , who worried about his ability to hold his own amidst experienced and eminent statesmen and diplomats.
Used before the anglicized version of a word or name. For example, "Terra Mariae, anglice , Maryland". Also used in such phrases as anno urbis conditae see ab urbe condita , Anno Domini , and anno regni. Abbreviation of Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi "in the year of Our Lord Jesus Christ" , the predominantly-used system for dating years across the world; used with the Gregorian Calendar and based on the perceived year of the birth of Jesus Christ. The years before His birth were formerly signified by a. Variation on annus mirabilis , recorded in print from In Classical Latin , this phrase actually means "terrifying year". See also annus terribilis.
Used particularly to refer to the years and , during which Isaac Newton made revolutionary inventions and discoveries in calculus, motion, optics and gravitation. Annus Mirabilis is also the title of a poem by John Dryden written in the same year. It has since been used to refer to other years, especially to , when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, mass-energy equivalence, and the special theory of relativity. See Annus Mirabilis papers. Used to describe , the year the Black Death began to afflict Europe.
As in status quo ante bellum "as it was before the war" ; commonly used as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War , primarily in reference to the Southern United States at that time. Medical shorthand for "before meals". Motto of the Christian Brothers College, Adelaide. Said of an expression or term that describes something which existed before the phrase itself was introduced or became common. Example: Alan Turing was a computer scientist ante litteram , since the field of " computer science " was not yet recognized in Turing's day.
From midnight to noon; confer post meridiem. Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions to denote "before a meal". Less common is post prandium "after lunch". Also appears on a plaque at Kinshasa train station. Textual notes or a list of other readings relating to a document, especially in a scholarly edition of a text. Refers to nitric acid , thus called because of its ability to dissolve all materials except gold and platinum. Refers to a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid , thus called because of its ability to dissolve gold and platinum. Used to refer to various native distilled beverages , such as whisky uisge beatha in Scotland and Ireland, gin in the Netherlands, brandy eau de vie in France, and akvavit in Scandinavia.
Desiderius Erasmus , Adagia AD ; meaning "wasted labor". One who prescribes, rules on, or is a recognized authority on matters of social behavior and taste. Said of Petronius. Sometimes found in the singular as arbiter elegantiae "judge of taste". Originally used by Tacitus to refer to the state secrets and unaccountable acts of the Roman imperial government. Motto of the Starobrno Brewery in Brno. An opaque circle around the cornea of the eye, often seen in elderly people. When it is found in patients less than 50 years old it is termed arcus juvenilis.
Motto of Victoria University of Manchester. Also "silver coin"; mentioned in the Domesday Book ; signifies bullion or silver uncoined. Or, "for the sake of argument". Said when something is done purely in order to discuss a matter or illustrate a point. Or "reasoning", "inference", "appeal", or "proof". The plural is argumenta. An aesthetic ideal that good art should appear natural rather than contrived. Of medieval origin, but often incorrectly attributed to Ovid. Translated into Latin from Baudelaire 's L'art pour l'art.
Motto of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Seneca , De Brevitate Vitae , 1. The "art" referred to in the original aphorism was the craft of medicine, which took a lifetime to acquire. Motto of Blackburn Rovers F. Award of the Minister of Culture of the Czech Republic for the promotion of the positive reputation of Czech culture abroad. Desiderius Erasmus , Adagia AD ; meaning "an awkward or incompetent individual". Refers to the insurance principle that the indemnity can not be larger than the loss.
Refers to the distinction of free will from astrological determinism. Used in bibliography for books, texts, publications, or articles that have more than 3 collaborators. This formula appears in the Latin revised edition of Thomas Hobbes 's Leviathan , book 2, chapter 26, p. Cornelis Jol ,  in a bid to rally his rebellious captains to fight and conquer the Spanish treasure fleet in Motto of Queensland , Australia. From Virgil , Aeneid , Book 10, , where the first word is in the archaic form audentis. Allegedly the last words of Pliny the Elder before he left the docks at Pompeii to rescue people from the eruption of Vesuvius in Often quoted as audaces fortuna iuvat. Motto of Tottenham Hotspur F. Legal principle; also worded as audiatur et altera pars "let the other side be heard also".
From Horace 's Odes , 2, Refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes. The golden mean concept is common to many philosophers, chiefly Aristotle. From Virgil , Aeneid , Book 3, Later quoted by Seneca as quod non mortalia pectora coges, auri sacra fames "what do not you force mortal hearts [to do], accursed hunger for gold". Common ancient proverb, this version from Terence. It indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly. A modern version is "to have a tiger by the tail". The Southern Lights, an aurora that appears in the Southern Hemisphere. It is less well-known than the Northern Lights aurorea borealis.
The Aurora Australis is also the name of an Antarctic icebreaker ship. The Northern Lights, an aurora that appears in the Northern Hemisphere. Epigrammata disticha. Johannes Kinckius. Denotes an absolute aspiration to become the Emperor , or the equivalent supreme magistrate, and nothing else. More generally, "all or nothing". A personal motto of Cesare Borgia. Charlie Chaplin also used the phrase in The Great Dictator to ridicule Hynkel's Chaplin's parody of Hitler ambition for power, but substituted "nullus" for "nihil". Name of episode 1 in season 3 of Berlin Station. Or, "do or die" or "no retreat". It refers to the practices that a Greek hoplite would drop his cumbersome shield in order to flee the battlefield, and a slain warrior would be borne home atop his shield.
Seneca the Younger , Epistulae morales ad Lucilium , From the full phrase: " necesse est aut imiteris aut oderis " "you must either imitate or loathe the world". Said of two situations that can only occur simultaneously: if one ends, so does the other, and vice versa. General pledge of victoria aut mors " victory or death ". Catullus , Carmen , addressed to his deceased brother.
Anthem of Imperium Europa. Ave Imperator, morituri te salutant. A salute and plea for mercy recorded on one occasion by naumachiarii —captives and criminals fated to die fighting during mock naval encounters. Later versions included a variant of "We who are about to die", and this translation is sometimes aided by changing the Latin to nos morituri te salutamus. Roman Catholic prayer of intercession asking St. Mary, the Mother of Jesus Christ to pray for the petitioner. Wise only in appearance. From Erasmus 's collection of Adages. Blessed Virgin Mary. The genitive , Beatae Mariae Virginis BMV , occurs often as well, appearing with such words as horae hours , litaniae litanies and officium office. A Beatitude from Matthew in the Vulgate : beati pauperes spiritu, quoniam ipsorum est regnum caelorum "Blessed in spirit [are] the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of the heavens".
Inscription above the entrance to St. From Proverbs ; set to music in a motet of the same name by Orlando di Lasso. Bella, mulier qui hominum allicit et accipit eos per fortis. Latin proverb [ citation needed ]. Originally from Ovid , Heroides She begs him to stay out of danger, but he was in fact the first Greek to die at Troy. Also used of the Habsburg marriages of and , written as bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube let others wage war; you, happy Austria, marry. Said by King Matthias. Motto of the House of d'Udekem d'Acoz [ nl ].
A phrase used by Thomas Hobbes to describe the state of nature. All-out war without restraint as Romans practiced against groups they considered to be barbarians. Biblia pauperum. A play on " cogito ergo sum ", "I think therefore I am". Medical shorthand for "twice a day". In other words, "well-intentioned", "fairly". In modern contexts, often has connotations of "genuinely" or "sincerely".
Bona fides is not the plural which would be bonis fidebus , but the nominative , and means simply "good faith". Opposite of mala fide. In law, if a person dying has goods, or good debts, in another diocese or jurisdiction within that province, besides his goods in the diocese where he dies, amounting to a certain minimum value, he is said to have bona notabilia ; in which case, the probat of his will belongs to the archbishop of that province.
A jury or assize of countrymen, or good neighbors. United Kingdom legal term for ownerless property that passes to The Crown. Tiberius reportedly said this to his regional commanders, as a warning against taxing the populace excessively. Or "general welfare". Refers to what benefits a society, as opposed to bonum commune hominis , which refers to what is good for an individual.
In the film Hot Fuzz , this phrase is chanted by an assembled group of people, in which context it is deliberately similar to another phrase that is repeated throughout the film, which is The Greater Good. The basics of American politics [Fifteenth edition] , , A lively, straight-forward approach to the basics of American PoliticsWritten to engage students, and kept short to prov 96 5MB Read more. The Norton Introduction to Philosophy [Second Edition] Philosophy made accessible for introductory students. Understanding public policy [Fifteenth edition. Physical geology [Fifteenth edition] , 2, MB Read more.
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